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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 147-150

Histopathological pattern of cervical cancer in Benin City, Nigeria

Department of Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chukwuemeka Asouzu Okoye
Department of Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/9783-1230.157057

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Background: Cervical cancer is the second most frequent malignancy and a preventable cause of mortality and morbidity in females. Objective: The objective was to describe the relative frequency, pattern, and histological types of cervical cancer in a teaching hospital in South-South Nigeria. Materials and Methods: All histologically diagnosed cases of cervical cancer seen over a 10-year period in the Department of Pathology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria were reviewed to determine their histopathological patterns. Results: Four hundred and six cases of cervical cancer accounting for 30.3% of cancers in females and 62.9% of female genital tract malignancies respectively were seen during the 10-year study period. The ages of patients with cervical cancer which ranged between 18 and 99 years with a mean of 51.5 years (standard deviation = 12.8), with most frequent occurrence in 50-59 years age group. Squamous cell carcinoma was the most predominant subtype comprising 84.2% of cases while adenocarcinoma constituted 11.8%. Adenoid cystic carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma and metastatic carcinoma accounted for 2.0%, 0.8%, and 1.2% of cases respectively. Conclusion: The relative frequency of cancer of the cervix is high in Benin City, and this should necessitate attention to effective cervical cancer screening to increase detection of preinvasive lesions which in turn will decrease the frequency of cervical cancer.

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