Networking with AKAPs

Context-dependent Regulation of Anchored Enzymes

  1. Emily J. Welch,
  2. Brian W. Jones and
  3. John D. Scott
  1. Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195


A-Kinase Anchoring Proteins (AKAPs) orchestrate and synchronize cellular events by tethering the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and other signaling enzymes to organelles and membranes. The control of kinases and phosphatases that are held in proximity to activators, effectors, and substrates favors the rapid dissemination of information from one cellular location to the next. This article charts the inception of the PKA-anchoring hypothesis, the characterization of AKAPs and their nomenclature, and the physiological roles of context-specific AKAP signaling complexes.

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