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Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention Advance Access originally published online on February 1, 2007
Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention 2007 7(2):91-101; doi:10.1093/brief-treatment/mhm001
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© The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:

A Case Study: Factors to Consider When Doing 1:1 Crisis Counseling With Local First Responders With Dual Trauma After Hurricane Katrina

   Karin Jordan, PhD

From the Graduate Department of Counseling, George Fox University

Contact author: Karin Jordan, Associate Professor and Chair of the Graduate Department of Counseling, George Fox University, Portland, OR. E-mail: kjordan{at}

This article focuses on local first responders dealing with dual trauma (the collective experience of having both occupational exposure as first responders/rescuers of their families, friends, and neighbors after Hurricane Katrina as well as personal exposure as citizens of the same [or neighboring] communities, whose lives have been interrupted by Hurricane Katrina). The focus of this article is on 5 revised factors to be used with local first responders with dual trauma. The 5 revised factors (personal factors, predisposing factors, peridisposing factors, postdisposing factors, and protective factors) were used to assess and gather information while doing 1:1 crisis counseling with local first responders with dual trauma. A case study is presented to illustrate how these 5 revised factors were used to gather information and to assess while doing 1:1 crisis counseling in New Orleans with one local first responder with dual trauma.

KEY WORDS: Hurricane Katrina, first responders, crisis counseling, trauma

This article is dedicated to the citizens of New Orleans, to all the survivors, and those that lost their lives, as well as the many local first responders who risked their lives repeatedly to save so many.

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